Wash your hands! How many times have we heard this phrase repeated over our lifetimes?
And not without reason. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 80 percent of infectious diseases are transmitted by touch. And the simplest, most effective way that we can combat the spread of disease causing germs is to simply “wash your hands.”
Soap and water vs. hand sanitizer
What is the best way to clean our hands? We are inundated with a variety of soaps and hand sanitizers, and we’re usually presented with both options in the health care setting. Both hand washing with soap and water and hand sanitizers are effective in killing or removing germs on your hands. It’s important, however, to know when it’s appropriate to wash your hands with soap and water or when to use hand sanitizer, as well as the appropriate way to do each.
Simply put, if your hands look dirty, you’re getting ready to eat, or you’ve just used the restroom, you should wash your hands with soap and water. To hand wash appropriately, wet your hands, apply soap and rub hands together to make a good lather, then rub your hands together, applying friction, for at least 15 seconds. Make sure you scrub easy-to-forget areas like your fingertips, nails, thumbs and between your fingers.
Alcohol-based sanitizers are appropriate to use in other situations, when your hands do not look dirty. When you apply the hand sanitizer, it’s important to cover every part of your hands, just as you would do washing with soap and water, continuing to rub your hands together until they are dry.
It’s OK to ask
Clean hands are the best frontline defense against the spread of germs and serious infections. As we approach May 5, World Hand Hygiene Day, we need to ensure that proper hand hygiene is a top priority. And there is perhaps no more important a place to be mindful of clean hands than inside the walls of the hospital. Proper hand hygiene in a health care setting should be a top priority for both patients and those visiting their room. Germs that can lead to serious infection can hitch a ride on the most unassuming of visitors, including the doctor and other health care workers, family, friends, your minister — really anyone who visits you while you are receiving care.
Health care workers and visitors should make it their priority to uphold good hand hygiene, making sure their hands are clean when they enter a room to visit a patient. And patients should feel that it is “OK to ask” every single person who visits their room to clean their hands for their own protection. If patients are not sure whether the visitor has cleaned his or her hands, they should feel comfortable and confident in asking their visitor to do so.
Keeping hands clean is not only an effective defense against the spread of serious infection, it’s a very simple and easy thing to do that can make a big difference, especially in the health care setting where patients are at risk for infection. In fact, research shows that improving hand hygiene can lead to significant reduction in health care-associated infections — by up to 50 percent.
So, the next time you’re visiting a patient in the hospital, be sure to do them a favor and clean your hands for his or her protection. And let the patient know that your hands are clean for peace of mind. If you’re a patient, clean hands are just as important for you, too. And don’t be afraid to ask all of your visitors to clean their hands. Remember, it’s OK to ask.
Chanda Newsome, registered nurse, is the infection prevention coordinator at Wilson Medical Center.